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2019新概念英语第二册Lesson-71(共22张PPT)教育精品.ppt_图文


Lesson 71 A famous clock

大本钟简介
英国伦敦著名古钟或称大本钟(Big Ben),是 伦敦的传统地标。
大本钟从1859年就为伦敦城报时,根据格林 尼治时间每隔一小时敲响一次,至今将近一个半 世纪,尽管这期间大本钟曾两度裂开而重铸。现 在大本钟的钟声仍然清晰、动听。自从1859年 投入使用后,英国政府每隔五年就要对大本钟实 施维护,包括清洗钟体、替换大本钟的报时轮系 和运转轮系等。
名称由来
大本钟得名于它在1859年修建时的建造者本 杰明爵士(Benjamin Hall),故名“大本”。

单词学习
parliament erect accurate official Greenwich observatory check microphone tower

n. 议会,国会 v. 建起 adj. 准确的 官员,行政人员
n. 格林尼治 n. 天文台 v. 检查 n. 扩音器,麦克风 n. 塔

parliament 国会 the Houses of Parliament (英国的) 国会大厦 Member of Parliament 国会议员
Parliament meets regularly at New York. Several new laws have been passed during
the present parliament。本届国会

erect v. 建造,树立,建起 Erect up 建立 建起 此建筑是在1900年到1901年间建造的。 The building was erected in 1900-1901. 这个纪念碑是为夏洛特女王建立的。['m?nj?m(?)nt] The monument was erected to Queen Charlotte.

accurate adj. 精确的,准确的
accurate time 准确的时间
警察强调说这就是杀人犯最为精确的描述了。
Police have stressed that this is the most accurate description of the killer
[str?st] [d?'skr?p?(?)n]
She gave an accurate account of the accident.
[?'ka?nt]
她对故事做了准确的描述。 Is the station clock accurate?

Official 1)官方的 公务,公事 Official affairs [ ?‘fe?]事情事物 Before he retired,Jeremy had been a
government official. 在他退休之前,杰米一直是位政府官员。
对于总统的缺席,官方给出的原因是生病了。
The official reason given for the President's absence was sickness.

Check 检查,核对 n.支票 检查你的简历上每处都是准确的。['?kj?r?s?] Check the accuracy of everything in your CV. 我觉得是有年龄限制的,但是我需要查一下
I think there is an age limit, but I have to check.
我要与执勤管核对一下[‘dju?t?] 职务 I shall need to check with the duty officer

observatory n. 天文台 observe vt.看到,注意到,观察到
The police observed a man enter the bank.
警察注意到一个男人走进了银行

tower n. 塔

课文讲解
? When you visit London, one of the first things you will see is Big Ben, the famous clock which can be heard all over the world on the B.B.C. If the Houses of Parliament had not been burned down in 1834, the great clock would never have been erected. Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for the making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were being built.

? It is not only of immense size, but is extremely accurate as well. Officials from Greenwich Observatory have the clock checked twice a day. On the B.B.C. you can hear the clock when it is actually striking because microphones are connected to the clock tower. Big Ben has rarely gone wrong. Once, however, it failed to give the correct time. A painter who had been working on the tower hung a pot of paint on one of the hands and slowed it down!

When you visit London, one of the first things you will see is Big Ben, the famous clock which can be heard all over the world on the B.B.C.
London was once famous for its fogs. 伦敦曾以多雾而闻名
Brighton is famous as a bathing place. 布来顿以海水浴场驰名
the B.B.C. =British Broadcasting Corporation ['br?t??] ['br??d,kɑ?st??] [k??p?'re??(?)n]
英国广播公司 在电视上看到,在广播里听到都用on。 I saw him on TV last night.

If the Houses of Parliament had not been burned down in 1834, the great clock would never have been erected.
虚拟语气 过去的虚拟 If + had done 从would have done
the Houses of Parliament 国会大厦 英国议会是由上议院(House of Lords)
和下议院(House of Commons)组成的 burn down (使)烧成平地,烧毁 上个月医院被烧毁了。
The hospital was burned down last month.

Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for the making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were being built.
take one’s name from 以……命名 逸夫楼或逸夫图书馆是以邵逸夫命名的。
Yifu Building or Yifu library takes the name from Shao Yifu.
Sir用于英国人的全名(或名字)之前时表示“爵 士”(不单独用于姓之前)
如Sir John Gilbert(约翰.吉尔伯特爵士)或Sir John(约翰爵士),但不能称为Sir Gilbert。

Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for the making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were being built.
be responsible for对……需负责任/承担责任的 谁为事故负责?
Who is responsible for the accident? 约翰负责建造桥梁。
John is responsible for the building of the bridge. -ing形式前面无冠词时可直接跟宾语:making the
clock; -ing前有冠词时则其后不能直接跟宾语,而必须用of:
the making of the clock。

It is not only of immense size, but is extremely accurate as well.
be of… 表示人或物的特征 我们一样大。
We are of the same age. 这封信极其重要。
This letter is of great importance. Immense 巨大的,广大的 仍然有大量工作需要做。
There is still an immense amount of work to be done.

Officials from Greenwich Observatory have the clock checked twice a day.
Have sth done 我想剪头发。
I want to have my hair cut. 我需要修一下我的电脑
I need to have my computer fixed.

On the B.B.C. you can hear the clock when it is actually striking because microphones are connected to the clock tower.
Strike v. 敲打,钟打点 钟刚敲三点钟
The clock has just struck three. 他用拳头敲打桌子
He struck his fist on the table. Be connected to 被连接到…… 很多条管子被连接到热压罐上。
Many pipes are connected to the autoclave. Connect sth with sth 相连,有关系 外国人时常将日本与富士山联想在一起
People from other countries often connect Japan with Mt. Fuji.

Big Ben has rarely gone wrong. Once, however, it failed to give the correct time.
go wrong (机器等)发生故障,出毛病 我的手表出问题了。

My watch has gone wrong. 车的引擎发生了故障。

The engine of the car has gone wrong.

Fail to do sth

没能做成某事

他常常未能遵守诺言

He often fails to keep his word.

A painter who had been working on the tower hung a pot of paint on one of the hands and slowed it down!
现在完成进行时 slow down (使……)慢下来/减速 当交通很拥堵的时候,他把车速减慢下来。
He slowed his car down while driving in heavy traffic.



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