您现在的位置:首页 > >

Unit 2 Little House in the Big Woods

发布时间:

Extensive reading Unit 2 Book 1

Little House in the Big Woods
by Laura Ingalls Wilder

Learning objectives
In this unit you will: read about the life in the wilderness in the USA learn to appreciate the narrative writing understand Westward Movement in America master how to preview a reading material take a test on fast reading

Unit overview
Pre-reading discussion Background information Text analysis Notes to the text Post-reading discussion Reading skills Exercises

Pre-reading discussion
1. Do you want to live in the woods for a couple of days? Why? 2. What would you do if you meet big animals in the wilderness?

Background information

Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867—1957)
Born on February 7, 1867, in a log cabin at the edge of the woods near Pepin, Wisconsin, Laura Ingalls Wilder spent her childhood as part of the great pioneeringhomesteading movement in the Midwest and Great Plains.

Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867—1957)
Laura Ingalls Wilder is one of the twentieth century's most beloved and acclaimed writers for children.

In her books, Laura stressed the importance of family, faith, generosity, adaptability, endurance, resourcefulness, and humor and self-sufficiency.

Laura’s eight-volume series
Little House in the Big Woods 《森林中的小木屋》 (1932) Farmer Boy《农庄男孩》 (1933) Little House on the Prairie《草 原 上 的 小 木 屋 》 (1935) On the Banks of Plum Creek《在梅溪边》 (1937) By the Shore of Silver Lake《在银湖岸》 (1939) Long Winter《好长的冬天》 (1940) Little Town on the Prairie《草原小镇》 (1941) These Happy Golden Years《快乐的金色年代》 (1943)

Comments on Little House Books
Laura's daughter Rose became a famous writer in the early 1900s. Rose recalled the stories her mother had told her during her growing-up years, and thought that other children would be as interested in those pioneer stories as she was. She encouraged her mother to write down the stories, and Laura did.

Comments on Little House Books
The eight Little House books have been cherished by generations of readers as both a unique glimpse into America's frontier past and a heartwarming, unforgettable story.

Westward Movement in America
The westward movement began in the early 1600's with European settlements along the Atlantic Coast of North America. It continued until the late 1800's.

Westward Movement in America
An abundance of land and other natural resources lured America’s pioneers westward. The pioneers struggled westward across mountains, hills, and prairies on foot, on horseback and in covered wagons. Some of them looked to the west for wealth or adventure. Others sought to improve their social position or increase their political power.

Westward Movement in America
Fur traders, cattle ranchers, farmers, and miners led the push to the west. Merchants and other business people followed. These hard-working men and women faced great dangers, endured severe hardships, and suffered loneliness and boredom in the hope of making a better life for themselves and their children.

Text analysis

Understanding the title
Little House in the Big Woods is the first of the eight volume series and Laura Ingalls Wilder's first children's book. It’s the story of Laura and her family and how life was for them in their log cabin deep in the woods.

Determining the main idea
The main idea of the story is that ______. a. A big bear wanted to attack the family but it only managed to frightened the cattle on the farm. b. A man supported his family by hunting wild animals while his wife and children helped with farm work. c. A mother was helped by one of her daughters with the milking of the cow and they spent a night together while the father was away in town. d. A mother and her daughters living in the big woods encountered a big bear but got home safely.

While-reading questions
1. Why did Pa go to the town? 2. Why was it better for the father to take a gun with him? 3. Why did Ma say that Laura was a good girl?? 4. Why were Laura and Ma surprised to see the dark shape of Sukey, standing at the barnyard gate? 5. What is the function of the detailed description of the two animals’ appearances ? 6. Why did Laura begin to cry? 7. What did the mother do that different from the usual days? Why? 8. What presents did Pa buy them?

Text structure
Parts Contents Main ideas 1 1—8 Pa was away from home, trading his furs for necessities, and didn’t come back when it was getting dark. Ma and her daughters encountered a big bear, but got home safely. Pa came back, nobody and critter was hurt.

2

9—32

3

33—35

Elements in the story
? Place: in a big woods ? Time: in winter, at night ? Social context: far away from town; Pa didn’t come back

? Characters: Ma, Pa, Laura, Mary, Carrie, a bear, Sukey

Elements in the story
? Plot: Ma and daughters encountered a big bear but got home safely. ? Atmosphere: worried terrified ? Conflict: Ma protected themselves from the attack of bear.

? Point of view: third person

Part 1 Introduction
1. Why did Pa go to the town? 2. Why was it better for the father to take a gun with him?

Part 1 Introduction
1. Why did Pa go to the town? Father went to town to trade the furs of the wild animals.

Part 1 Introduction
2. Why was it better for the father to take a gun with him? To protect himself from animals (danger)

Part 2 Encountering the bear
1. Why were Laura and Ma surprised to see the dark shape of Sukey, standing at the barnyard gate? 2. What is the function of the detailed description of the two animals’ appearances ? 3. Why did Laura begin to cry? 4. Why did Ma say that Laura was a good girl? 5. What did the mother do that different from the usual days? Why?

Part 2 Encountering the bear
1. Why were Laura and Ma surprised to see the dark shape of Sukey, standing at the barnyard gate? Because Sukey was supposed to be standing inside the barnyard, not at the barnyard gate.

Part 2 Encountering the bear
2. What is the function of the detailed description of the two animals’ appearances ? To contrast the strength of the cow and the bear

Part 2 Encountering the bear
3. Why did Laura begin to cry? Because of the fear, meanwhile she worried about the cow.

Part 2 Encountering the bear
4. Why did Ma say that Laura was a good girl? Laura was brave. She did exactly as mother had told her without any hesitation.

Part 2 Encountering the bear
5. What did the mother do different from the usual days? Why? Ma went to the door and pull the latch-string through its hole in the door. So that nobody could get in from outside unless she lifted the latch.

Part 3 Safe together
What presents did Pa buy them? ? Candy for Laura and Mary ? Two pieces of pretty calico to make them each a dress ? Calico for Ma to make a dress

Notes to the text

shot [Para. 6, Line 16]
[countable] plual tiny lead or steel pellets, especially ones used in a shotgun cartridge 弹丸细小的铅或钢弹,尤指那种用于作枪枝的弹药 的霰弹 e.g. A man fired a volley of shots at them.

parallel [Para. 6, Line 13-14]
Laura and Mary had never seen a town. They had never seen a store. They had never seen even two houses standing together. parallel (排比): having identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases The use of parallel here indicates that they live far and lonely from town, meanwhile indicating the story teller is a child

parallel [Para. 6, Line 13-14]
The sun sank out of sight, the woods grew dark, and he did not come. Ma started supper and set the table, but he did not come. It was time to do the chores, and still he had not come. 太阳不见了,森林也渐渐暗了下来,爸爸没有回来。 妈准备好晚餐,摆好了桌子,爸爸还是没有回来。 到了平时干杂货的时间,他依然没有回来。 The repetition stresses the anxiety with which the children are waiting for Pa’s coming back.

barn [Para. 12, Line 34]
[countable] an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals 谷仓,粮仓;牲口棚

bits of [Para. 12, Line 34]
If something falls to bits, it comes apart so that it is in a number of pieces. 少量的;点点 e.g. bits of the candle light 点点烛光 bits of the past 过去的时光 bits of plaster 石灰屑

let out [Para. 14, Line 41]
release; the act of liberating someone or something 释放;放出来 e.g. The boy stood bravely in the arena as the animals were let out, grasping the thick piece of wood he had been given to fight with. 野兽被放出来了,男孩勇敢地站在竞技场里, 手持着别人给的用来与野兽搏斗的一根粗木棍。

shaggy[Para. 16, Line 49]
[adjective] shaggy hair or fur is long and untidy (毛发、皮毛)长而乱的,乱蓬蓬的 e.g. Tim has longish, shaggy hair.

hang on to[Para. 22 , Line 57]
to hold tightly 紧紧抓住 e.g. He fell out the window, but was able to hang on to the window ledge until the firemen came. 他从窗户跌了出去,但是有力气抓紧窗台, 直到消防员来。

snuggle [Para. 27, Line 67]
[intransitive] draw close to (somebody or something) for warmth or affection

(尤指靠近另一人)依偎,舒适地蜷卧
e.g. The child snuggled into its mother's arms. Laura and Mary were undressed, and they said their prayers and snuggled into the trundle bed. 劳拉和玛丽脱了衣服,做了祷告后一起钻到被 窝里。

Post-reading discussion
1. What’s the relationship between the description of the scenery and the mood or the feelings of the characters? 2. Discuss the kind of life the family lived in the big woods. 3. What can we learn from the story?

Reading skills

Previewing (II)
? Previewing is taking the time to become acquainted with the text before jumping into the actual main body of the text. ? Previewing doesn’t give you all the details. It keeps you from spending time on things you don’t really want — or need — or read.

Previewing (II)
Here’s how to preview. ? Look at the title. ? Look for subtitles and subheadings. ? Look at lists of goals or objectives. ? Look at the pictures, charts, or drawings. ? Look at the first sentence of each paragraph.

Previewing (II)
Here’s how to preview. ? Look at the first paragraph. ? Look at any question that appear after the reading. ? Look for key words in different prints. ? Look for a summary.

Practice
Look over the text and preview the organization by answering the following questions. 1. How many parts does this unit consist of? Dose every unit in this book have the same number of parts? 2. Look at the beginning of the first part. Does it say what you will be reading about in this text?

Practice
3. How many items does the first part have? Go over those items that follow the text and pay attention to words in bold print. What kind of exercises do they suggest to you? 4. Look at the question under “Follow-up Exercises”? in the home reading section. How can they help you in reading this selection?

Exercises
Text A. d B. 1—4 b c c d C. 1—5 a d d b a Fast reading 1—5 b d d a c 11—15 d d d c d Home reading 1—6 c d d c c d

5—8 c c b c 6—10 b b b c a 6—10 c d b c a

7—12 d d d b b a



热文推荐
猜你喜欢
友情链接: 工作计划 总结汇报 团党工作范文 工作范文 表格模版 生活休闲