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新概念英语第三册语法总结:虚拟语气.

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新概念英语第三册语法总结:虚拟语气 虚拟语气用来表达不可能或难以实现的愿望,与事实相反的假设,通常分为基本 的三种形式。 1. 与现在事实相反的虚拟: If + did / were + ..., ... would should could + do (动词原形 might If I were you, I would go abroad at once. (I am not you. If he knew it now, he could help me. (He doesn't know it now. 2. 与过去事实相反的虚拟: If + had done + ..., ... would (might have done ... If I had known your telephone number yesterday, I would have phoned you. (I didn't know your telephone number. If you had come here a littleearlier just now, you might have met her. (You didn't come here earlier. 3. 与将来事实相反的虚拟: (1 If + should + v., ... would + v. (可能性很小(译作“万一” If it should rain tomorrow, you could stay at home. If I should fail, what should Ido? (2 If + did / were to + v ..., would + v. (完全不可能 If the sun were to rise in the west, I would lend you the money. If you finished it in 3 minutes, I would give you my car. 4. 金牌特殊重点: [简单联想记忆]: ●下列动词后的“宾语从句”中需要用虚拟形式,即 should + 动词原形,shoud 在美 国英语中要省略(TOEFL 语法考点。此类常见的动词有:order, ask, decide, demand, require, recommend, suggest(建议 insist(坚决要求,advise, etc. 例句:He suggested that we (should help them with English. The teacher ordered that the homework (should be finished within half an hour. ●下列名词后的同位语从句中要用“should + 动词原形”(should 可省去的虚拟。 suggestion, order, request, demand, importance, proposal. He made a suggestion that we (should have a fancy dress party. I think it is a thing of importance that it (should be done soon. ●It is / was important / necessary / natural / essential / advisable / strange / surprising, ect. + that +主语+ should + v. It is strange that you should say such a thing. It was important that you should tell me all the information. ●wish 后的宾语从句中,as if 后的状语从句中,须用下列的虚拟形式: 主+ wish+ (that + 主+ did / were(指现在 haddone(指过去 would+ v.(指将来 I wish that I met my uncle now. I wish I had met my uncle yesterday. I wish I could meet my uncle tomorrow. It is (high time that ... + did / were ... It is time that you went to bed. would rather that ... + did / were ... I would rather that you were not here now. would sooner that ... + did / were ... I would sooner that you got up earlier. I would sooner that you were not my brother. ________________________________________ 测试精编: 选择正确选项: 1. I ________ he had taught me the word, but he didn't. A. believe B. hope C. wish D. think 2. The man in charge recommends that this matter ________ at the meeting. A. would be discussed B. will be discussed C. be discussed D. may be discussed 3. It is raining now, otherwise we ________ go out play. A. co


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