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新概念英语第二册Lesson 20 One man in a boat_图文


Lesson 20 One man in a boat

New words and expressions

【New words and expressions】(5) catch v. 抓到

fisherman
boot waste realize
2016/3/2

n. 钓鱼人,渔民
n. 靴子 n. 浪费 v. 意识到

1 catch v. 抓到 ① vt. 捉住,逮住,捕获 catch fish 钓鱼,捕鱼 The police have caught the thief. ② vt. 抓住,握住Can you catch the ball? ③ vt. 及时赶到,赶上catch a bus 赶车 miss the bus 错过公交车 ④ catch的一些固定用法 catch a cold 染上感冒catch one's breath 摒住呼吸 catch sight of = see 看见catch fire 着火 catch one's eyes 吸引某人注意力 catch sb doing sth 抓住正在做某事的人 catch up with 赶上 eg. The little boy was caught stealing apples from the garden. 那个小男孩正在园子里偷苹果被抓住。 eg. The early bird catches the worm. 捷足先登。 eg. Go ahead, please. I’ll soon catch up with you. 你先走吧,我会很快赶上 你的。

2 fisherman n. 钓鱼人,渔民 fish → fisherman (pl. fishermen) fish n./v. Fish n.的复数形式 指鱼的种类时用fishes,其它情况用fish 1) fish用作可数名词指“鱼的条数”时单数和复数形式相同(two fish两条鱼), 2) fishes 不同种类的鱼。 指“鱼的种类”时复数形式才为fishes(two fishes两种鱼) 3) fish用作不可数名词时无复数形式,作“鱼肉”解(Help yourself to some fish.)
1. 2. 3. They caught many fish that morning. 那天早上他们钓了很多鱼。 He studies the fishes in the Indian Ocean. 他研究印度洋里的鱼类。 There are a lot of fishes(表示种类)in the sea

4. 5.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

a big fish in a small pond. 山中无老虎猴子称霸王 When the cat is away, the mice will play. 老猫不在家老鼠笑呵呵。
teach fish to swim 班门弄斧 fish in troubled water 浑水摸鱼 fish for compliments 沽名钓誉 drink like a fish 牛饮 like a fish out of water 如鱼离水 an odd fish 奇怪的家伙

fish vi. 钓鱼, 捕鱼
1. I often fish for hours without catching anything. 2. fish in troubled water 浑水摸鱼 3. fish for compliments 沽名钓誉 4. I like fishing. 我喜欢钓鱼。 5. I enjoy fishing. 我喜欢钓鱼。 6. I am fond of fishing. 我喜欢钓鱼。 7. I am keen on fishing. 我喜欢钓鱼。 8. go fishing 去钓鱼 9. go swimming 去游泳 10. go shopping 去购物

3 boot n. 靴子 a pair of boots 一双靴子 have one’s heart in one’s boots 极为悲观消沉 have one’s heart in one’s mouth 极为恐惧

boots 长筒靴 rubber boots 橡胶长靴

4 waste vt./n. 浪费
① n. 浪费 a waste of…
浪费…… It is a waste of time/money/food/water/feeling. go to waste 变成废物 wastebasket 费纸篓 (Am.) wastepaper basket 纸篓 (Br.)

② vt. 浪费
You are wasting time. waste away (人,体力)衰弱

5 realize v. 1)意识到

2)实现

real adj. 真的 reality n. 现实 1) 认识到,知道,明白,意识到(不用于被动语态,不用于进行时态,人做主语) realize one’s mistake 认识到自己的错误 /be aware of one’s mistake She realized that he was lying. 她意识到他正在说谎。 They don’t realize one important thing.
他们没有认识到一件重要的事情。

5 realize v.
2) vt. 实现(希望、目标、愿望,计划等,可用于主动,也可用于被动语态) realize one’s hope 实现某人的希望 realize one’s dream 实现某人的梦想 realize one’s plan 实现某人的计划 He realized his dream at last. 他终于实现了自己的梦想。 → His dream was realized at last. Her worst fears were realized. 她最担心的事发生了。 come true 成为现实(物做主语,没有被动语态) Her dream has come true. 她的梦想实现了。

课文讲解

【Text】

? Fishing is my favourite sport. I often fish for hours without catching anything. But this does not worry me. Some fishermen are unlucky. Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish. I am even less lucky. I never catch anything -- not even old boots. After having spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag. 'You must give up fishing!' my friends say. 'It's a waste of time.' But they don't realize one important thing. I'm not really interested in fishing. I am only interested in sitting in a boat and doing nothing at all!
? 参考译文

? 钓鱼是我特别喜爱的一项运动. 我经常一钓数小时却一无所获, 但我从 不为此烦恼. 有些垂钓者就是不走运, 他们往往鱼钓不到, 却钓上来些 旧靴子和垃圾. 我的运气甚至还不及他们. 我什么东西也未钓到过 -- 就 连旧靴子也没有. 我总是在河上呆上整整一上午, 然后空着袋子回家. “你可别再钓鱼了!” 我的朋友们说, “这是浪费时间. “然而他们没 有认识到重要的一点, 我并不是真的对钓鱼有兴趣, 我感兴趣的只是独 坐孤舟, 无所事事!

2016/3/2

1 Fishing is my favourite sport.
Fishing 动名词,可以作主语或宾语 favorite adj. 最喜欢的 无比较级、最高级 Red and Black is my favorite book. 《红与黑》是我最喜欢的书。 n. 心爱的人(物),最喜爱的东西 That song is one of his favorites. 那首歌是他最喜欢的歌中的一首。 She is a favorite with her aunt. 她最受姑姑的宠爱。 / She is her aunt’s favorite.

2 I often fish for hours without catching anything.
for+时间
表示一段时间
数小时

for hours=for some hours

without catching anything prep.+ n./v.-ing / pron.

作为状语,表示“缺乏、没有”;

He went out without saying anything. 他一言不发就走了。 I can’t repair the car without your help. They tried to leave the restaurant without paying.

Without 用法:前后必须保持一致。
上句相当于:

He went out and he didn’t say anything. He went out without saying any words. I can not live without you. Fish can not live without water.

3 But this does not worry me.

worry v. 烦恼,担扰
worry sb.
某人为……烦恼,担扰
(作动词一定要加人作宾语, 翻译时从后往前翻,宾语担心)

The house worried me. My daughter worried me.

Sb. 担心: be worried about

……为……担心

4 Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish instead of 1)后面的词一定是没有做的,强调这件事没做成而做成了另
外一件事,可以放在主句后面. 2)后面加名词,代词或动名词作介词宾语。

without

强调没有做某件事,

Instesd of catching fish, the unlucky fishermen catch old boots and rubbish.
那些不幸的垂钓人没有钓到鱼而钓到一些旧靴子和垃圾。

The fishermen catch old boots and rubbish instead of catching fish. Men wear socks instead of stockings. 男士们穿的是短袜而不是长袜。 I went shopping instead of doing my homework. 我去购物而没有做作业

5 I am even less lucky. less是little的比较级,意为“不及,不如,更少” I spend less time on English than on French. less+原形 A is less…than B A不如B

6 After having spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag.
spend+ 时间+在某地 在某地度过……时间 after <conj.>+ 从句 在……之后 after <prep.>+ 名词/动词的ing形式 ……之后
(从句主语必须是主句的主语时两种形式可互换)

After I go to school, I learned a lot of knowledge. (用一般式表示一个事实, 不用 “went to” ) After going to school, I learned a lot of knowledge. 介词after的宾语的动名词having spent所表示的动作发生在谓语动词go之前,所以
用完成形式。

with an empty bag注意连读 with sth. 有……的,持有……的,随身带着……(状语) Who’s the man with the beard?

7 'You must give up fishing!' my friends say.
give up doing sth. = stop doing sth. be intersted in sth. / doing sth.
放弃做某事

8 I'm not really interested in fishing.
对……感兴趣

Key structures 动名词
动词+ing作名词时称为动名词,它仍有动词的属性,可以接宾语,动名词可以代替名词做主语和宾语或介词宾语。

1. 2.

Fishing is my favourite sport. 作宾语 :I like fishing.
作主语:

3.

介词+动名词: 把两个句子连成一个句子 apologize for (not) doing sth. 为什么事情而道歉 I must apologize. I interrupted you. I must apologize for interrupting you. (for interrupting强调interrupt动词) 动名词的完成式 :

4.

having+p.p.

强调动名词的动词发生在前面。

I must apologize for having interrupted you. (for having interrupted强调interrupt这个动词先发生,强调时间 (having done))
以上两者为时间概念不同,意思相同

5.

跟动名词的短语 congratulate (sb.) on doing sth. 因……祝贺(某人) be keen on doing sth.(热忠于……),be fond of,be interested in,enjoy doing sth., congratulations on doing sth. (祝贺……)be afraid of be up to=be capable of (capable adj.有能力的, 能干的, 有可能的, 可以...的)

【Special Difficulties】 1 Interested and Interesting. Excited and Exciting. 以-ed结尾的形容词常与人称主语连用,表示人的情绪、状态、喜好等; 以-ing结尾的形容词则常与非人称主语连用,表事物的某种特征、性质等。 Fishing is not interesting. I am not interested in it. 2 Realize and Understand realize vt. 意识到…… He didn't realize that he had made a mistake. understand vt. 明白……I don't understand English.

Exercises(选择正确的词填空) 1.There was some (excited) (exciting) news on the radio. exciting news on the radio 在广播上 I got news on the radio/on TV/on the telephone/on the line(在线,在电话里). 2.He is an explorer. He leads an (excited) (exciting) life. an exciting life explorer n.探险家, 探测者, 探测器 lead a life 过着……日子lead a happy life



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