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新概念英语一_L101-102_A_card_from_Jimmy_图文

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Time for class
Period1 14:30—15:10 Period2 15:20—16:00 Period3 16:00—17:00

who

My name is Kelly, K-e-l-l-y, Kelly.

where

I am from Zhanjiang. a beautiful and nice place Now I live in Dagang.

what Hobby

I like swimming and playing basketball because it is good for my health.

My favorite food is seafood because it's delicious.

I am an easy and outgoing boy/girl. I like to make friends, so if you want to make friend with me, just come to me .Thank you!

L 101-102 A card from Jimmy

New words and expressions
? card (n.)卡片
Business card 名片 birthday card 生日贺卡 membership card 会员卡 postcard 明信片 I received a postcard on Charistmas eve.

? 国外节日
New Year's Day新年 Valentine's Day情人节 Easter Monday复活节 April Fool's Day愚人节

Mother's Day母亲节 Father's Day父亲节 Halloween万圣节 Thanksgiving感恩节 Christmas Day圣诞节

? youth (n.)青年
They studied together in their youth. The youth of today has greater opportunities than ever before.

? hostel (n.)招待所,旅馆
hotel 旅馆, 客栈, <俚>监狱;大旅社 hostel 宿舍, 旅店, 客栈;会馆;(校外)学生宿舍 青年招待所 inn (尤指乡村或公路边的) 旅馆, 客栈,酒馆 lodge 门房, (猎人住的)山林小屋, (游览区的)旅 馆, (地方社团的)集会处 motel 汽车旅馆

? association (n.)协会,联合,团体,交往
NBA:National Basketball Association Association of Southeast Asian Nations东南亚国家联盟

? soon (adv.)立刻,马上;一会儿,不久; 快
You'll be hearing from us very soon. We reached the station an hour too soon. She will come here sooner or later. Please get this done as soon as possible. You‘ll never guess what happened as soon as I left my room. 一…就… 你怎么也猜不出我一离开房间就发生了什么事。

? write (v.)写,写信 wrote-written writing
She wrote to ask me to come. 写信 When he was very young, he began to learn to read and write. 习字

? you are all well
be well 是说主语是“身体健康的或令人满意的”, 往往用人做主语;而be good是说主语是“优良的; 令人愉快的;虔诚的”,往往不用人做主语。 in good health, in good codition

? “I have just arrived in Scotland and I’m staying at a Youth Hostel.” 直接引语
→ Jimmy wrote that she had just arrived in Scotland and he was staying at a Youth Hostel.间接引语

? He doesn’t say very much, does he?
反意疑问句由陈述句和简略问句组成。如果前一部分 陈述句是肯定形式,简略问句就要用否定形式;如果 前一部分是否定形式,后面则用肯定形式。 You are a good student, aren’t you? It’s a fine day, isn’t it? He isn’t a good man, is he? You have finished your homework, haven’t you?

a member of 是...的一个成员 He is a member of our team.

Read Jimmy’s card to me please, Penny.
read sth to sb 把…读给…听 read sb. Sth. 读这份报纸给我听。 Read the newspaper to me. 你能给我读一下这封信吗? Can you read the letter to me?

直接引语与间接引语的定义

直接引语: 直接引述别人的原话.直接引语的 前后必须加引号。
间接引语: 转述别人的话。间接引语前后不 加引号。

陈述句
直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时, 用连词that引导,that 在口语中常省略。主句的谓语动词可直接用引语中的say, 也可用tell 来代替,注意,可以说sb. say that, sb. tell sb. that,不可直接说tell that

e.g. He often says,“China is great.” → He often says (that) China is great. Tom says,“I am a student.” → Tom says (that) he is a student. He says,“I leave my book in your room” → He said (that) he left his book in your room.

一般疑问句

间接引语用连词whether或if引导,原主句中谓 语动词say要改为ask ,语序要变为陈述语序
? He said, “Do you have any difficulty with pronunciation?” ? He asked (me) whether/if I had any difficulty with my pronunciation. ? He said, “You are interested in English, aren't you?” ? He asked whether I was interested in English.

注意:大多数情况下,if ,whether 可以互换,但句中出 现or (not),或放在介词后作连接词,只用whether。 ? He asked, “Do you speak English or French?”
? He asked me whether I spoke English or French.

? I asked, “Will you take bus or take train?”
? I asked him whether he would take bus or take train. ? “Is he all right?”They cried out. ? They cried out whether he was all right.

特殊疑问句

原来的疑问词作为间接引语的连词,主 句的谓语动词用ask(sb. )来表达,语序 改为陈述句语序
? He said to me,“What's your name?” ? He asked me what my name was. ? He asked us, “How many car factories have been built in your country?” ? He asked us how many car factories had been built in our country.

祈使句

直接引语是祈使句,则改为tell/order/ask sb. (not) to do sth.

He said, “Please come here tomorrow.”
He asked me to go there the next day.

The teacher said, “Don’t talk any more.” The teacher told us not to talk any more.

反意疑问句(Tag Questions)附加疑问 句 由陈述句加简短附加问句构成,用 以要求对方证实所述之事。附加疑问句 主要有两种类型:反意的附加疑问句, 反意的附加疑问句 He doesn’t say very much, does he? 如果前一部分陈述句是肯定形式,简略 问句就要用否定形式 如果前一部分陈述句是否定形式,后一 部分则用肯定形式。

回答反意疑问句要根据实际情况而定, 不管问题的提法如何,若事实是肯定的, 就要用yes,事实是否定的,就要用no. 他是一个工程师,不是吗? He is an engineer, isn’t he? 实际情况:He is an engineer. --Yes, he is. 实际情况:He isn’t an engineer. --No, he isn’t.

他不是一个工程师,是吗? He isn’t an engineer, is he? Yes, he is.(不,他是) No,he isn’t.(是的,他不是) 你没有准备好,是吧? You’re not ready, are you? Yes, I am. (不,我准备好了) No,I’m not.(是的,我没有)

1)人称的变化 一随主,二随宾,三不变
口诀 说明
引号内的第一人 称变间引后与主 句主语的人称保 持一致 引号内的第二人 称变间引后与主 句宾语的人称保 持一致

直接引语

间接引语

一 随 主
二 随 宾 三 不 变

She said,“ I like She said that she liked tennis tennis.” He said to Lily, He told Lily that “ you must get she must get up up early” early

She said to me , She told me that 引号内的第三人 称在变间引后去人 “ They want to That they wanted help him” help him 称不变

Practice: 1) He said,“ My brother failed in the exam.” He said ____brother had failed in the exam. his 2) He said to Mary,“ How is your mother now?” he asked Mary how _____mother was then. her 3)My teacher said, ?? she is a good student. ?? she My teacher said ____was a good student 4) He said to me,“ I?ve left her book in your he her room” my He told me that ___had left ___ book in ___ room.

He says,“Is Tom a student or a teacher?” → He asks whether Tom is a student or a teacher. He asked me, "Do you like playing football?“ → He asked me if/whether I liked playing football. My sister asked me : “ Whois your friend?” →My sister asked me who my friend was. Jack asked me, "How do you like the film?" →Jack asked me how I liked the film. The solider ordered,“Be quiet.” → The solider ordered us to be quiet. He said to her,“Open the door, please.” →He asked her to open the door. She says,“I will go to Beijing next month.” →She says (that) she will go to Beijing the next month. He often says “ I shall tell you about them.” →He often tells me that he will tell me about them.

2) 时态的变化
He says, ?? I will do it tomorrow” He says that he will do it tomorrow.

如果主句的谓语动词是现在时,直接引语 变成间接引语时,从句的时态无需变化

如果主句的谓语动词是一般过去时,直 接引语变成间接引语时,从句的时态要 做出相应的改变.

1.“ I am ill today.” said my mother.

My mother said that she was ill that day.
2.“We work hard at English.” he said. He said that they worked hard at English.

1.They said to me, “We are working hard at a company.”

They told me that they were working at a company.
2.“I am writing a letter now.”she said.

She said that she was writing

a letter then.

Practice :
1. John said, “I like reading adventure stories. ” John said that he _____ liked reading adventure stories. 2. She said to me, “I broke your CD player. ” had broken my CD player. She told me that she ____________ 3. He said, “I?ll come here this morning.” He said he_______ would go there that morning 4. He says, “I have finished my homework.” He says that he had ___________ finished his homework. 5. He said, “they are playing games over there?” He said that they_______ were playing games over there.

直接引语中的时间状语转换规则:
now today tonight ago yesterday last night then That day That night Before/earlier The day before The night before

tomorrow
next …

The next/following day
The next/following …



直接引语中的指示代词转换规则:

this变为that; these变为those
本来就是that/those则不变。
※ ※

直接引语中动词come在间接引语中用go:

直接引语中副词here在间接引语中用there:

1. “What does this word mean?” she asked me. She asked me what that word meant. 2. “Can you see that map on the wall?” he asked me. He asked me if I could see that map on the wall. 3. “Do you like these toys?” Jane asked us. Jane asked us if we liked those toys.

4. “Bring those balls to me.” said my sister. My sister asked us to bring those balls to her.

Exercise I
1. “I like reading adventure stories,” said John. John said that he liked reading adventure stories. 2. “I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friend.

Sarah told her friends that she didn’t like computers.
3. “Ann, have you seen my blue notebook?” Peter asked. Peter asked Ann if she had seen his blue notebook. 4. “How can you do that?” Mary said to Ann. Mary asked Ann how she could do that. 5. “What difference does it make?” Peter asked Jim. Peter asked Jim what difference it made.

Exercise II
1. Jack said to me, “You look worried today.” Jack told me that ___ worried ___. A. he looks…today B. you look…today C. we looked…that day D. I looked…that day

2. We said to her, “They’re walking through the street now.” We told her that ___ through the street ___. A. we were walking…then B. you are walking…now C .they were walking…then D. they walking…now

3. Mr Black said, “I have walked a long way this week.” Mr Black said that __ a long way __. A. I had walked…that week

B. he had walked…that week
C. I walked…last week

D. he has walked…this week



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