您现在的位置:首页 > >

Unit One Little House in the Big Woods

发布时间:

Unit One Little House in the Big Woods
By Laura Ingalls Wilder
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 1

Unit Overview
In this unit you will : ? Read about the life in the wilderness in the United States in the early days ? Learn how to preview a book ? Take a test in fast reading ? Know a story about a Christmas present ? Read more about how children feel towards their dear ones
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 2

Teaching Objective:
From the story, we may have a basic understanding of the life of the early settlers of the American frontier, which was full of both happinesses and hardships.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

3

Teaching Focuses
1.The life of the early settlers of the American settlers 2.New Words and Phrases: thaw; quiver; sparkle; slap; glitter; chore; snatch; slap; hang on to sb/sth; tremble; mend; fold; melt 3.Reading Skill: Previewing(1)
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 4

I. Background Information on the Story

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

5

I.The Background of the Story: ? Laura Ingalls's story begins in 1871 in a little log cabin on the edge of the Big Woods of Wisconsin. Four-year-old Laura lives in the little house with her Pa, her Ma, her sisters Mary and Carrie, and their trusty dog, Jack.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

6

? And so begins Laura Ingalls Wilder's beloved story of a pioneer girl and her family. The nine Little House books have been cherished by generations of readers as both a unique glimpse into America's frontier past and a heartwarming, unforgettable story. ? Pioneer life is sometimes hard, since the family must grow or catch all their own food as they get ready for the cold winter. But it is also exciting as Laura and her folks celebrate Christmas with homemade toys and treats, do the spring planting, bring in the harvest, and make their first trip into town. And every night they are safe and warm in their little house, with the happy sound of Pa's fiddle sending Laura and her sisters off to sleep.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

7

? Have you ever dreamed of living in another time? Imagine what it would have been like to be one of the early settlers of the American frontier, moving by covered wagon through wide, windy prairies. You can really get a sense of what it was like by reading one of the books in the Little House series.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

8

? These semi-autobiographical stories were written by Laura Ingalls Wilder who was born on this day, February 7, in 1867. Imagine living in a pioneer log cabin in Wisconsin, on the prairie in Indian territory, or in a sod dugout by a creek in Minnesota (a shelter built into the ground of a hillside). Laura Ingalls Wilder lived in all these places.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

9

? She also endured many hardships: blizzards that cut off food supplies, a plague of grasshoppers, the death of her one little brother. These were typical experiences in frontier life. But, as she shows in Little House on the Prairie, Pa and Ma always managed to create a happy, secure home for Laura and her three sisters. Do you know what happened to Laura Ingalls Wilder?

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

10

? Wilder went on to become a teacher. She married and had one daughter who became a journalist. When Wilder was 65 years old, her daughter helped her write her first novel in the series, Little House in the Big Woods. Little House in the Big Wood (1932) Farmer Boy (1933) Little House on the Prairie (1935) On the Banks of Plum Creek (1937) By the Shores of Silver Lake (1939) The Long Winter (1940) Little Town on the Prairie (1941) Those Happy Golden Years (1943)

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

11

2.Wisconsin
? In 1634, Frenchman Jean Nicolet became Wisconsin's first European explorer. The French controlled the area until 1763, when it was ceded to the British. The state's name is an English version of a French adaptation of an Indian name said to mean "the place where we live." The Wisconsin Territory was formed in 1836 and was admitted into the Union as the 30th state in 1848. With the nickname "America's Dairyland," it's no surprise that Wisconsin is one of the top producers of milk, cheese, and butter in the country. In fact, the loyal fans of the Green Bay Packers football team call themselves "cheeseheads." Milwaukee, the state's largest city, helps make Wisconsin one of the largest manufacturing states in the nation.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

12

The state capital, Madison, is home to the University of Wisconsin. The flower of the "Badger State" is the wood violet and the state bird is the robin.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 13

II. Questions on the Text One

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

14

1.How many people are there in the family? Who are they? Five.Pa,Ma,Laura,Mary and Carrie. 2.Why didn’t Pa take the gun with him? Because he took so many furs with him that it was inconvenient to take it.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

15

3.What did Laura and Mary know about the town? They knew that in a town there were many houses, and a store full of candy and calico and other wonderful things — powder, and shot, and salt, and store sugar.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

16

4.What would Ma do after setting the table? She would milk the cow.

5.What did Ma and Laura see in front of the barnyard? Actually it was a bear.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 17

6.Why did Ma slap Sukey’s shoulder? Because Sukey was standing in the way to the barnyard and Ma couldn’t open the door. 7.Did Ma realize that it was a bear at last? What did she do? Yes,she took Laura away from the bear at once and ran back to the house.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 18

8.Why was Sukey safe according to Ma? Because the barn was surrounded by the heavy logs and the door was solid.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

19

9.When did Pa come back? What did he take? The next morning. He took back some candies and cloth for the family.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

20

10.What can we learn from Ma in face of danger? determination, bravery,and calmness.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

21

Discuss the following questions:

1.Why did Ma say that Laura was a good girl? Ma said Laura was a good girl because in their encounter with a bear, Laura followed Ma's instructions exactly and did it quickly, without asking why.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

22

2.What kind of people were Laura's parents? Laura's parents were typical American frontier people who lived in the sparsely populated big west. Pa did some outdoor undertakings such as hunting and trapping animals in the woods while Ma was responsible for housework and other indoor work. They lived almost self-sufficiently.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

23

3.Discuss the kind of life the family lived in the big woods. The family lived in the Big Woods. In winter, Pa usually trapped animals so that they could trade the furs for some daily necessities in the next spring. They lived far from the town. The children in the family had not even seen a store. As natural threats such as a bear's breaking in were always around, they had to learn to cope with the harsh surroundings.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 24

III. New Words and Phrases

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

25

1.thaw (v.)
1.(ice or snow) becomes warmer and turns into water 2.to let frozen food unfreeze until it is ready to cook eg.Thaw frozen meat in its packet and then cook as soon as possible. 3.to become friendlier and less formal eg.After a few glasses of wine Robert began to thaw a little.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 26

2.eaves (n.)
1.the edges of a roof that stick out beyond the walls eg.Birds had nested under the eaves.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

27

3.quiver (v.)
1.to tremble slightly, esp because you feel angry, excited or upset eg.Suddenly the child’s mouth began to quiver, and he burst into tears.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

28

4.sparkle (v.& n.)
1.to shine in small bright flashes eg.The diamond sparkled in the sunshine. 2.(a person)eyes shine brightly,esp because they are happy or excited eg.Ron’s eyes sparkled with excitement.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

29

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

30

trade (v.)
? The word trade is often used as a noun. But here trade is a verb, means to buy and sell goods. There are many such conversions in English. ? He watered the wine before drinking it. (water, verb, 掺水) The earth orbits the sun. (绕…轨道而行) Point this pencil for me, please. (削尖) Oil the machine before you operate it. (上油) She journeys to Europe once a year on business.(去…旅行)

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

31

5.strap (v.) straphanging strapless
1.to fasten sth or sb in place with a narrow band of strong material 2.to tie bandages firmly round a part of your body that has been hurt

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

32

6.calico (n.)
1.heavy cotton cloth that is usually white 2.light cotton cloth with a small printed patten 3.calico cat:a cat that has black, white or brown fur

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

33

7.chore (n.)
1.a job that you have to do regularly,esp to keep a house clean 2.sth you have to do that is very boring or unpleasant

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

34

8.lantern (n.)
1.a lamp that you can carry, a container surrounding a flame or light 2.a structure at the top of a tower

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

35

9.mitten (n.)
1.a type of glove that does not have separate parts for each finger

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

36

10.yarn (n.)
1.long thick thread,made of cotton or wool used to knit or make cloth 2.a story of adventures, travels made more interesting by adding sth unreal

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

37

11.barn (n.)
1.a large farm building for storing crops or for keeping animals in

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

38

12.leap (v.)
1.to jump high into the air eg.Brenda leaped the gate and ran across the field. 2.to move very quickly eg.Morgan leapt to his feet and started shouting. 3.to increase quickly and by a large amount

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

39

13.faint (adj.)
1.difficult to see,hear or smell 2.(a chance,hope or feeling) very small eg.There’s still a faint hope that they may still be alive.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

40

14.stall (n.)
1.a small shop with an open front 2.an enclosed area for an animal 3.an occasion when an engine stops working eg.The plane went into a stall.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

41

15.slap (v.)
1.to hit sb or sth quickly with your hand 2.to put sth down noisily on a surface eg.I slapped the report down on the desk and told him to do it again.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

42

16.shaggy (adj.)
1.(hair or fur)long and untidy

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

43

17.glitter (v.)
1.to shine brightly with flashing points of light eg.The blades of the sword glittered in the sunlight.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

44

18.snatch (v.)
1.to take sth away from sb with a quick movement eg.The thief snatched her purse and ran. 2.to quickly take the opportunity to do sth eg.I managed to snatch an hour’s sleep on the train.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

45

19.slam (v.)
1.(a door,gate)shut with a loud noise eg.A door slammed shut in the distance. 2.to put sth on or against a surface with a fast movement eg.Henry slammed the phone down and walked angrily out of the room. 3.to criticize sth strongly eg.The TV company was slammed by the media for its unreal report.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 46

20.hang on to sb/sth
1.to keep sth eg.I’d hang on to the letter, you may need it. 2.to lean against sb/sth

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

47

21.sob (v.)
1.to cry noisily while breathing in short, sudden bursts eg.Josie flung herself on the bed,sobbing.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

48

22.tremble (v.)
1.to shake slightly,esp when you are frightened or upset eg.I stood there trembling with rage. 2.(voice)sounds nervous and unsteady

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

49

23.snuggle (v.)
1.(inf)to settle into a warm comfortable position eg.Let’s snuggle up together and watch TV.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

50

24.trundle bed
1.(AmE)a low bed on wheels that you can slide under a large bed

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

51

25.mend (v.)
1.to repair a tear or hole in clothes 2.to become healthy 3.mend your ways:to improve the way you behave after behaving badly

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

52

26.fold (v.)
1.to bend a piece of paper,cloth etc eg.Fold the paper along the dotted line. 2.to make sth smaller or neater eg.I wish you kids would fold up the clothes. 3.fold your arms/legs

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

53

27.latch (n.)
1.a small metal bar that drops into a U-shaped object to keep doors closed

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

54

28.limp(adj.& v.)
1.not firm or strong eg.a limp handshake 2.to walk slowly and with difficult because one leg is hurt

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

55

29.feathery (adj.)
1.made of a lot of soft thin pieces eg.The plant has feathery leaves 2.soft and light

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

56

30.claw (n.)
1.a sharp curved nail on the top of an animal or bird 2.get your claws into sb:to say unpleasant things in order to upset them 3.the curved end of a tool or machine used for pulling nails out of wood
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 57

31.melt (v.)
1.(sth solid)becomes liquid eg.Melt the butter and mix it with the egg. 2.melt away:to gradually disappear eg.His anger melted away. The man melted into a crowd and I lost sight of him. 3.to become more gentle or sympathetic 4.melt in your mouth:(food)soft and delicious
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 58

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

59

IV. Notes of Difficult Phrases and Sentences

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

60

1….drops of water hung trembling at their tips. (Para 2) The water seems to fall down because of the gravity.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

61

2….they made a bundle almost as big as Pa.(Para 3) …the bag is full of so many furs that even Pa is covered by it.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

62

3.Ma started supper and set the table, (Para 8) Ma started to prepare the supper for the family and arranged the table for it.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

63

4.Laura was proud to be helping Ma with the milking. (Para 11) Laura was happy to help her mother milk the cow.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

64

5.Its sides were of tin, with places cut in them for the candle-light to shine through.(Para 11)
The sides of the lantern were made from tin and there are some holes to let the light through.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

65

6.When they had gone part way … (Para 19) When Laura and her Ma were on the way to the house …

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

66

7.She was sitting up late… (Para 32) She waited for her husband for a long time and didn’t sleep.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

67

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

68

V. F a s t R e a d i n g

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

69

Passage One
1.Just being together was an adventure. People would travel a long distance to get together. 2.gathering = bee

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

70

Passage Two

1…a strange noise on the porch…visitor. I heard a strange noise on the porch and knew sb unexpected came here. 2.dash off:to leave somewhere very quickly 3.clamber about:to climb slowly
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

71

Passage Three
1.Being an adult yourself was an unthinkable distant possibility.

It seemed quite far away for a child to think of growing up himself.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

72

VI.Home Reading

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

73

1.What did the girl see in the shop? old guns and clocks,more jewelry and boxes and figures… 2.What was the girl interested in? She was interested in a blue necklace. 3.Who is the present for? For the girl’s sister

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

74

4.Why did she want to send the present to her sister? Because her sister took care of her. 5.And the necklace of blue stones had been meant for her. The blue necklace had been prepared for her girlfriend especially.
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 75

6.What happened to Pete’s girlfriend? She was struck by a car and died. 7.Why did Pete remember her girlfriend again? Because of the yellow hair and blue eyes of the little girl.

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

76

8.Who came to the shop on Christmas Eve? Why? The girl’s sister wanted to know the reason why Pete sent the girl a necklace. 9.What did the girl bring for Pete? Hope and happiness

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

77

The End

安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆

78



热文推荐
猜你喜欢
友情链接: 工作计划 总结汇报 团党工作范文 工作范文 表格模版 生活休闲