Unit One Little House in the Big Woods
By Laura Ingalls Wilder
安徽三联学院英语系 胡庆昆 1
In this unit you will : ? Read about the life in the wilderness in the United States in the early days ? Learn how to preview a book ? Take a test in fast reading ? Know a story about a Christmas present ? Read more about how children feel towards their dear ones
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From the story, we may have a basic understanding of the life of the early settlers of the American frontier, which was full of both happinesses and hardships.
1.The life of the early settlers of the American settlers 2.New Words and Phrases: thaw; quiver; sparkle; slap; glitter; chore; snatch; slap; hang on to sb/sth; tremble; mend; fold; melt 3.Reading Skill: Previewing(1)
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I. Background Information on the Story
I.The Background of the Story: ? Laura Ingalls's story begins in 1871 in a little log cabin on the edge of the Big Woods of Wisconsin. Four-year-old Laura lives in the little house with her Pa, her Ma, her sisters Mary and Carrie, and their trusty dog, Jack.
? And so begins Laura Ingalls Wilder's beloved story of a pioneer girl and her family. The nine Little House books have been cherished by generations of readers as both a unique glimpse into America's frontier past and a heartwarming, unforgettable story. ? Pioneer life is sometimes hard, since the family must grow or catch all their own food as they get ready for the cold winter. But it is also exciting as Laura and her folks celebrate Christmas with homemade toys and treats, do the spring planting, bring in the harvest, and make their first trip into town. And every night they are safe and warm in their little house, with the happy sound of Pa's fiddle sending Laura and her sisters off to sleep.
? Have you ever dreamed of living in another time? Imagine what it would have been like to be one of the early settlers of the American frontier, moving by covered wagon through wide, windy prairies. You can really get a sense of what it was like by reading one of the books in the Little House series.
? These semi-autobiographical stories were written by Laura Ingalls Wilder who was born on this day, February 7, in 1867. Imagine living in a pioneer log cabin in Wisconsin, on the prairie in Indian territory, or in a sod dugout by a creek in Minnesota (a shelter built into the ground of a hillside). Laura Ingalls Wilder lived in all these places.
? She also endured many hardships: blizzards that cut off food supplies, a plague of grasshoppers, the death of her one little brother. These were typical experiences in frontier life. But, as she shows in Little House on the Prairie, Pa and Ma always managed to create a happy, secure home for Laura and her three sisters. Do you know what happened to Laura Ingalls Wilder?
? Wilder went on to become a teacher. She married and had one daughter who became a journalist. When Wilder was 65 years old, her daughter helped her write her first novel in the series, Little House in the Big Woods. Little House in the Big Wood (1932) Farmer Boy (1933) Little House on the Prairie (1935) On the Banks of Plum Creek (1937) By the Shores of Silver Lake (1939) The Long Winter (1940) Little Town on the Prairie (1941) Those Happy Golden Years (1943)
? In 1634, Frenchman Jean Nicolet became Wisconsin's first European explorer. The French controlled the area until 1763, when it was ceded to the British. The state's name is an English version of a French adaptation of an Indian name said to mean "the place where we live." The Wisconsin Territory was formed in 1836 and was admitted into the Union as the 30th state in 1848. With the nickname "America's Dairyland," it's no surprise that Wisconsin is one of the top producers of milk, cheese, and butter in the country. In fact, the loyal fans of the Green Bay Packers football team call themselves "cheeseheads." Milwaukee, the state's largest city, helps make Wisconsin one of the largest manufacturing states in the nation.
The state capital, Madison, is home to the University of Wisconsin. The flower of the "Badger State" is the wood violet and the state bird is the robin.
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II. Questions on the Text One
1.How many people are there in the family? Who are they? Five.Pa,Ma,Laura,Mary and Carrie. 2.Why didn’t Pa take the gun with him? Because he took so many furs with him that it was inconvenient to take it.
3.What did Laura and Mary know about the town? They knew that in a town there were many houses, and a store full of candy and calico and other wonderful things — powder, and shot, and salt, and store sugar.
4.What would Ma do after setting the table? She would milk the cow.
5.What did Ma and Laura see in front of the barnyard? Actually it was a bear.
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6.Why did Ma slap Sukey’s shoulder? Because Sukey was standing in the way to the barnyard and Ma couldn’t open the door. 7.Did Ma realize that it was a bear at last? What did she do? Yes,she took Laura away from the bear at once and ran back to the house.
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8.Why was Sukey safe according to Ma? Because the barn was surrounded by the heavy logs and the door was solid.
9.When did Pa come back? What did he take? The next morning. He took back some candies and cloth for the family.
10.What can we learn from Ma in face of danger? determination, bravery,and calmness.
Discuss the following questions:
1.Why did Ma say that Laura was a good girl? Ma said Laura was a good girl because in their encounter with a bear, Laura followed Ma's instructions exactly and did it quickly, without asking why.
2.What kind of people were Laura's parents? Laura's parents were typical American frontier people who lived in the sparsely populated big west. Pa did some outdoor undertakings such as hunting and trapping animals in the woods while Ma was responsible for housework and other indoor work. They lived almost self-sufficiently.
3.Discuss the kind of life the family lived in the big woods. The family lived in the Big Woods. In winter, Pa usually trapped animals so that they could trade the furs for some daily necessities in the next spring. They lived far from the town. The children in the family had not even seen a store. As natural threats such as a bear's breaking in were always around, they had to learn to cope with the harsh surroundings.
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III. New Words and Phrases
1.(ice or snow) becomes warmer and turns into water 2.to let frozen food unfreeze until it is ready to cook eg.Thaw frozen meat in its packet and then cook as soon as possible. 3.to become friendlier and less formal eg.After a few glasses of wine Robert began to thaw a little.
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1.the edges of a roof that stick out beyond the walls eg.Birds had nested under the eaves.
1.to tremble slightly, esp because you feel angry, excited or upset eg.Suddenly the child’s mouth began to quiver, and he burst into tears.
4.sparkle (v.& n.)
1.to shine in small bright flashes eg.The diamond sparkled in the sunshine. 2.(a person)eyes shine brightly,esp because they are happy or excited eg.Ron’s eyes sparkled with excitement.
? The word trade is often used as a noun. But here trade is a verb, means to buy and sell goods. There are many such conversions in English. ? He watered the wine before drinking it. （water, verb, 掺水） The earth orbits the sun. （绕…轨道而行） Point this pencil for me, please. （削尖） Oil the machine before you operate it. （上油） She journeys to Europe once a year on business.（去…旅行）
5.strap (v.) straphanging strapless
1.to fasten sth or sb in place with a narrow band of strong material 2.to tie bandages firmly round a part of your body that has been hurt
1.heavy cotton cloth that is usually white 2.light cotton cloth with a small printed patten 3.calico cat:a cat that has black, white or brown fur
1.a job that you have to do regularly,esp to keep a house clean 2.sth you have to do that is very boring or unpleasant
1.a lamp that you can carry, a container surrounding a flame or light 2.a structure at the top of a tower
1.a type of glove that does not have separate parts for each finger
1.long thick thread,made of cotton or wool used to knit or make cloth 2.a story of adventures, travels made more interesting by adding sth unreal
1.a large farm building for storing crops or for keeping animals in
1.to jump high into the air eg.Brenda leaped the gate and ran across the field. 2.to move very quickly eg.Morgan leapt to his feet and started shouting. 3.to increase quickly and by a large amount
1.difficult to see,hear or smell 2.(a chance,hope or feeling) very small eg.There’s still a faint hope that they may still be alive.
1.a small shop with an open front 2.an enclosed area for an animal 3.an occasion when an engine stops working eg.The plane went into a stall.
1.to hit sb or sth quickly with your hand 2.to put sth down noisily on a surface eg.I slapped the report down on the desk and told him to do it again.
1.(hair or fur)long and untidy
1.to shine brightly with flashing points of light eg.The blades of the sword glittered in the sunlight.
1.to take sth away from sb with a quick movement eg.The thief snatched her purse and ran. 2.to quickly take the opportunity to do sth eg.I managed to snatch an hour’s sleep on the train.
1.(a door,gate)shut with a loud noise eg.A door slammed shut in the distance. 2.to put sth on or against a surface with a fast movement eg.Henry slammed the phone down and walked angrily out of the room. 3.to criticize sth strongly eg.The TV company was slammed by the media for its unreal report.
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20.hang on to sb/sth
1.to keep sth eg.I’d hang on to the letter, you may need it. 2.to lean against sb/sth
1.to cry noisily while breathing in short, sudden bursts eg.Josie flung herself on the bed,sobbing.
1.to shake slightly,esp when you are frightened or upset eg.I stood there trembling with rage. 2.(voice)sounds nervous and unsteady
1.(inf)to settle into a warm comfortable position eg.Let’s snuggle up together and watch TV.
1.(AmE)a low bed on wheels that you can slide under a large bed
1.to repair a tear or hole in clothes 2.to become healthy 3.mend your ways:to improve the way you behave after behaving badly
1.to bend a piece of paper,cloth etc eg.Fold the paper along the dotted line. 2.to make sth smaller or neater eg.I wish you kids would fold up the clothes. 3.fold your arms/legs
1.a small metal bar that drops into a U-shaped object to keep doors closed
1.not firm or strong eg.a limp handshake 2.to walk slowly and with difficult because one leg is hurt
1.made of a lot of soft thin pieces eg.The plant has feathery leaves 2.soft and light
1.a sharp curved nail on the top of an animal or bird 2.get your claws into sb:to say unpleasant things in order to upset them 3.the curved end of a tool or machine used for pulling nails out of wood
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1.(sth solid)becomes liquid eg.Melt the butter and mix it with the egg. 2.melt away:to gradually disappear eg.His anger melted away. The man melted into a crowd and I lost sight of him. 3.to become more gentle or sympathetic 4.melt in your mouth:(food)soft and delicious
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IV. Notes of Difficult Phrases and Sentences
1….drops of water hung trembling at their tips. (Para 2) The water seems to fall down because of the gravity.
2….they made a bundle almost as big as Pa.(Para 3) …the bag is full of so many furs that even Pa is covered by it.
3.Ma started supper and set the table, (Para 8) Ma started to prepare the supper for the family and arranged the table for it.
4.Laura was proud to be helping Ma with the milking. (Para 11) Laura was happy to help her mother milk the cow.
5.Its sides were of tin, with places cut in them for the candle-light to shine through.(Para 11)
The sides of the lantern were made from tin and there are some holes to let the light through.
6.When they had gone part way … (Para 19) When Laura and her Ma were on the way to the house …
7.She was sitting up late… (Para 32) She waited for her husband for a long time and didn’t sleep.
V. F a s t R e a d i n g
1.Just being together was an adventure. People would travel a long distance to get together. 2.gathering = bee
1…a strange noise on the porch…visitor. I heard a strange noise on the porch and knew sb unexpected came here. 2.dash off:to leave somewhere very quickly 3.clamber about:to climb slowly
1.Being an adult yourself was an unthinkable distant possibility.
It seemed quite far away for a child to think of growing up himself.
1.What did the girl see in the shop? old guns and clocks,more jewelry and boxes and figures… 2.What was the girl interested in? She was interested in a blue necklace. 3.Who is the present for? For the girl’s sister
4.Why did she want to send the present to her sister? Because her sister took care of her. 5.And the necklace of blue stones had been meant for her. The blue necklace had been prepared for her girlfriend especially.
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6.What happened to Pete’s girlfriend? She was struck by a car and died. 7.Why did Pete remember her girlfriend again? Because of the yellow hair and blue eyes of the little girl.
8.Who came to the shop on Christmas Eve? Why? The girl’s sister wanted to know the reason why Pete sent the girl a necklace. 9.What did the girl bring for Pete? Hope and happiness
Unit One Little House in the Big Woods发布时间:
Unit One Little House in the Big Woods