您现在的位置:首页 > >


LESSON 24 A skeleton in the cupboard

?skeleton n.骷髅;骨骼
? a skeleton in the cupboard/closet: a shameful family secret 家丑,隐私
① It‘s time to bring the family skeleton out of cupboard.-该 是公开家丑的时候了。
② Every family has a skeleton in the cupboard. 家家有本 难念的经。
③ I don’t have skeleton in my closet. 我没有什么不可告人 的秘密。
skeleton at the feast(宴会)令人生厌、扫兴的事 Eg. Never talk about a dangerous thunderstorm with a
sailor before he begins a new voyage at the sea, which will be thought of as a skeleton at the feast.

reduce to a skeleton 瘦得皮包骨, 骨瘦如柴
Eg. He has had nothing to eat for a couple of days so he has been reduced to a skeleton.
skeleton key 万能钥匙

?seemingly adv. 表面上地
seemingly sincere 貌似诚恳 ? seeming adj. 表面上的
a seeming good-tempered man 一个表面脾气好 的人 a seeming friend 一个表面上的朋友
? seemly adj. 合适的,适宜的 seemly conduct / modesty 适宜的举止 / 适度的谦虚
eg. It would be more seemly to tell her after the wedding. 婚礼后告诉她更合适。

?respectable adj.体面的,雅观的; 恰当的;
Eg. She looked perfectly respectable in this dress. 她穿着这套衣服看上去非常文雅。 respectable people 受人尊敬的人
respectful adj.(to / towards sb.) 表示尊敬的,有 礼貌的
eg. A respectable person is respectful to others.受 人尊敬的人也会尊敬别人
respective adj.分别的,各自的 Eg. All the students returned to their respective
classrooms. respecting prep. 关于(书面语) Eg. Respecting the salary, we shall come to a
decision later.

?conceal v.隐瞒,隐藏
? conceal sth. from sb.对某人隐瞒… conceal oneself 潜伏,埋伏
Eg. The house was concealed from the road by a small wood.
disguise v. 掩藏,隐瞒 Eg. She disguised her sadness with a happy smile. a blessing in disguise(乔装,伪装) 因祸得福 Eg. Not getting into university may be a blessing in disguise.
没能上大学焉知非福 He has to travel in disguise.

vivid adj. 生动的,栩栩如生的,活泼的; 鲜 明的, 鲜艳的(光线、色彩等)
a vivid color 鲜艳的颜色 / vivid blue 碧蓝色 a vivid imagination 丰富的想像力 She gave the police a vivid description of the accident. 比较级 more vivid / 最高级the most vivid
lively adj. 生动的,栩栩如生的,活泼的 A lively imagination A lively account of her adventures

dramatic adj.令人激动的, 扣人心 弦的(戏剧性的, 生动的)
? at some dramatic moment 在某个戏剧性时刻 ? The dramatic scene is still vivid in his mind. ? His opening words are dramatic. 他的开场白扣人
心弦。 ? drama ? musical drama; radio drama; silent drama哑剧
? striking adj.引人注意的, 显著的, 惊人的

ruin vt.破坏,毁灭; 破产; 使变成废墟; n.毁灭,灭亡; 废墟,遗迹; (灭亡)的原因,祸根;

ruin 表示“毁坏”、“毁灭”,指彻底的毁坏,破坏的原因通常是自然 现象、年龄、疏忽等,现多用于比喻用法中,在真正具体地摧毁或 破坏某座建筑物时,通常不用ruin。

? The storm ruined the crops.

? He ruined his prospects(前景,希望) by carelessness.

? The fire ruined the castle.

? The company is facing ruin.

ruin one’s reputation;

in ruins 成为废墟

ruin 有时还可指一般意义的弄坏或损坏,此时与spoil 同且常可换用, 语气比spoil 稍强。这两个词有时还可用于美好经历或有用东西的 损坏(此时不能用damage 或destroy)。如:

① My new dress is ruined [spoiled]. ② This unpleasant man with his endless complaints ruined [spoiled]
my journey. 这个不讨人喜欢的家伙,牢骚满腹,使我这趟旅行很 不愉快

heroine n.女主人公;女英雄
? hero 英雄;男主人公 ? heroin 海洛因

fiction n.小说(虚构, 编造)---- 集合名词, 小说的总称, 不可数
? science fiction 科幻小说; popular fiction 通俗小说;
? eg. The line between fact and fiction is becoming blurred(adj. 模糊的,难辨的).
? novel n.小说, 长篇故事(某一部具体的小说)

varying adj.不同的;正在变化的;可变的
? vary vi.vt.改变, 变化 ? vary in size / style / price Eg.The weather varies from day to day. 天气一天
天变化。 work with varying degrees of enthusiasm 工作热情
忽高忽低 to varying degrees 在不同程度上 various adj.不同的, 各种各样的
various kinds of 各种各样的 for various reasons 因为种种理由 at various times 在不同的时期

? medicine n.医学 ? guestroom n.(家庭中的)来客住房 ? unpack vt.(从箱中)取出
? drawer n. 抽屉

stack v.(整齐地)堆放, 排放
? stack up 堆放 The housewife is stacking up the clothing. Stack the books up against the wall.
? be stacked with sth. 堆满 The floor was stacked with boxes.
? n.摞, 叠, 大堆, 堆栈 a stack of papers 一摞报纸 a stack of books 一大堆书
pile up 堆放(比较整齐地) heap up 堆放 (杂乱地)

underclothes n.内衣
? underclothing n.内衣, 贴身衣裤 underwear n.内衣裤

petrify v.使惊呆
? She stood there, petrified with fear. 她站在那里,吓得目瞪口呆。
petrified adj.感到震惊的 petrifying adj.令人震惊的
I was petrified at the news.

dangle v. 悬挂,垂挂,摆动(上面常有两个 固定点); 追求
① The leaves dangled in the wind. ② He dangled the bone in front of the puppy. ③ I dangled my feet in the clear blue water.
? dangle about sb. 追求某人 dangle round sb. / sth. 追求某人;希望得到某物
Eg. She had several young men dangling round her.

sway v. 摇摆(常指来回轻轻不规则摇摆); 支配;影响
? sway back and forth( =from side to side)前后左右摆动 sway gently 轻轻地摇摆 sway the minds of people 动摇人心 sway deeply / strongly 深刻地影响
Eg. The wind swayed the branches. His resolution(决心) never sways.

swing v. (以某固定点为中心,来回幅度相同)摆动,转动,


n. 秋千

Eg. The were swinging their arms.

unsympathetic adj. 不表同情的
? feel unsympathetic for sb. be sympathetic to / towards sb. offer sympathy to sb. sympathy letter 慰问信 in sympathy = sympathetically
? medical adj. 医学的

? We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible
? secret which has been concealed from strangers for years.
? How引导宾语从句 ? has some terrible secret = has a skeleton in the
cupboard = has a skeleton in the closet 家丑 ? which引导的定语从句修饰secret ? seemingly adv.表面上地(= from appearance) -- a
seemingly respectable person 表面上受人尊敬的人

? The English language possesses a vivid saying to describe this sort of situation.
? possess = own = have got ? to describe this sort of situation 来描述这
? -- The English language possesses a vivid word to describe her beauty.

At some dramatic moment in the story, the
terrible secret becomes known and a
reputation is ruined.
? Some 某一个(修饰单数可数名词)= a certain ? Ruin vt.毁坏, 毁灭(泛指概念, 表示毁坏的过程不是一下
完成的) ? = spoil vt.搞糟, 宠坏 v.扰乱 ? -- The rain ruined my holiday. = The rain spoiled my
holiday. ? Destroy vt.破坏, 毁坏 v.消灭, 摧毁(完全摧毁, 不可修复

? -- To tell the patient the truth is to risk destroying his hope.
? -- The earthquake destroyed almost the entire city. ? Damage vt.损害, 损坏, 使受损失(可以被修复) ? -- The car is damaged and it is be repairing now.

The reader's hair stands on end when he
reads …that the heroine, a dear old lady who …,
poisoned every one of …
? one’s hair stands on end 某人感到毛骨悚然 = sb. feel horrified (adj.带有恐怖感的, 惊骇的)
? -- My hair stands on end. 我感到毛骨悚然 ? set/make one’s hair stands on end 使某人感到
毛骨悚然 ? -- horrid adj.恐怖的, 令人讨厌的, 可怕的
? -- The horrid film really make my hair stands on end.
? in her youth 在她年轻的时候 ? everyone (单独用every和one连在一起) every
one of (与of搭配every和one要分开)

It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction.
? It is all very well…but… 好到是好, 但是… ? -- It is all very well for you to suggest
taking a few days’ rest, but how can finish our work in time?
? -- It is all very well for them to ask me to do it, but I am too busy.

? Occur vi.发生, 出现(某个事件出乎意料的、偶然的发生 )-- 比happen更正式
? -- When did the accident occur?
? It occurred to me to do… / It occurred to me that…
? -- It occurred to me to open the window. ? Happen vi.发生, 碰巧, 偶然(某个事件出乎意料的、偶然
? -- When did the accident happen? ? Take place v.发生, 举行(事件根据安排而发生、举行)
? -- When will the wedding take place?

To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn, but…
? To varying degrees 从不同的角度来讲… ? Which引导定语从句, 修饰secret。 ? Learn 得知、了解某个事实 / 学习某种知识
? -- She is learning computers. 她正在学习 电脑。(动态动词)
? Know 知道某个事实 / 具有某种知识、技能 / 了解某个人(状态动词, 不能用进行时)
? -- She knows about computers. 她懂电脑

I once spent an uncomfortable weekend which I shall never forget at his house.
? Shall的用法: ? 1> (过去时should)(shall 可缩写为 'll , shall not 常
缩写为 shan't [FB:nt], 美国人常用will代替) ? 2> [用于主语为第一人称单复数, 表示单纯将来]
将要, 会 ? -- I shall be forty on my next birthday. 到下次生
日, 我就满四十岁。 ? -- We shall be on holiday at this time next week.
我们将于下星期这个时候度假。 ? -- I shall ring you up as soon as I arrive. 我一到

? 3> [用于陈述句第二、三人称, 表示说话者的意图、警告、 命令、决心等, 主语的行动受讲话者支配] 必须, 应, 可
? -- He shall go. 他可以去。
? -- You shall have an answer by tomorrow. 到明天你可以 得到答复。
? -- He shall have a bicycle for his birthday. 他可以得到一 架自行车作为生日礼物。
? -- She shall not enter my house again. 她不得再进我家 。
? 4> [在问句中, 征 询对方对于主语行动的意见(提供帮助, 提出建议、要求给予指示和征求意见), 主要用于第一、三 人称]... 好吗? 要不要...?
? -- Shall I carry your bag ? 我帮你拿手提包, 好吗?
? -- Shall he come to see you ? 要不要他来看你?

? 5> [用于第三人称, 在条约、规定、法令等文件中表示义务 或规定]应, 必须
? -- No reader shall remove a book from the library without consent of the librarian.
? 非经管理员同意, 读者不准把书带出图书馆。
? -- The National Party Congress shall be convened every five years .
? 党的全国代表大会每五年举行一次。 ? 6> [在表示意图、要求等的从句中] 应该, 要 ? -- I wish that you shall stay at home tonight. 我希望今晚
? -- You say you will not do it, but I say you shall do it. ? 你说你不做这事, 但是我说, 你非做不可。 ? 7> [用于将来时态的间接引语, 与直接引语中的shall相应]

? -- He says that he shall [will] be glad to see you. (=He says, “I shall be glad to see you.”)
? 他说他将乐意来看你。

I opened the cupboard door and then
stood in front of it petrified.
? stand in front of sth petrified 站在…前, 目瞪口呆 ? -- We stood petrified as we felt the earthquake
began. ? frighten vt.使惊吓(在某个特定的场合受到惊吓) ? -- I was frighten by a large dog. ? terrified adj.恐惧的, 受惊吓的(表示惊吓的程度
? -- I was terrified when the tiger went towards me. ? afraid adj.害怕, 担心(表示一种状态, 永久性的
? -- The girl is afraid of mouse.

The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.
? gave me the impression that… 给某人以…的印象 ? that引导同位语从句, 进一步说明impression的内涵。
? -- He gave me the impression that he will help me every day.
? Be about to do sth 表示即将、就要(暗示动作即将发生)
? -- I was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.
? -- We were just about to leave when you telephoned.( 多与when连用)
? leap out at sb 跳出来扑向某人

‘Oh, that, ’he said with a smile as if he
were talking about an old friend.
? 语法:(L21)as if 引导从句的虚拟语气
? As if / though引导表从和方式状从分3种情况
1)从句与现在事实相反,从句谓v.用一般过去时“did”( be过去时were)
? -她微笑着说一些事好像正在谈论一位老朋友。 ? -She says something with a smile as if ? she were talking about an old friend.(方式状从) ? -She looks as though she were sick.(表从)

? 2)与过去事实相反,从句谓v.用过去完成时 “had done”
? -他谈论金字塔好像他真的见过一样。 ? -He talked about pyramids as though he had
really seen them himself.
? 3)从句的情况将来发生可能性不大,从句谓v.用 过去将来时“would do”
? -他说得好像他要出国似的。 ? -He talks as if he would go abroad.

? 注: ? as if/ though 后面从句也可用直陈语气,但表示
? -It looks as if our side is going to win.

分词的特殊 在某些表达方式中,分词短语的逻辑主语和句的主语不一 表达方式: 致,但这已是约定俗成的,所以不认为错。在应用时,只需
? Even this was remarkable, considering that she had had so many delays.
1. 分词+(that)从句,如:considering that… ( = since that…既然); seeing that…(=since that…既然); supposing that … (=if…假如); granting / granted that … (= though … 尽管); allowing that…(考虑到…)
① Supposing there was a war, what would you do? ② Granting that he has made a mistake, he is not to
blame, for he intended to help us. 2. 不及物动词的分词+介词,如:judging from… (由…来
判断); talking of…(谈论到…); allowing for…(考虑到 …)等

① Allowing for her inexperience, she has done a good job.
② Judging from his face, he must be ill.
3. 副词+speaking, 如generally speaking; strictly speaking; broadly speaking
① Generally speaking(一般而言), men are stronger than women.
② Strictly speaking(严格来讲), this is not a right answer.
③ Broadly speaking, there are two ways of storing electrical energy in a chemical system. (一般来说, 泛泛的说),在化学系统中有两种储存电能的方法

Multiple choice questions 多项选择
? 1>A in what respect 在什么方面 (rarely adv.很少地, 罕有地) ? fact指代柜子中真正有骷髅这件事 ? concerning prep.关于,有关 -- I spoke to him concerning his
behavior. 我和他谈了他的行为。 ? 2>C Underwear n.内衣裤 3>A ? 4>A having为现在分词做定语 C选项中的whom应该为who ? 5>C 运用动词不定式修饰名词。(起定语从句的作用) ? 这样的名词前都有序数词:the first person, the only person, the last
person ? 6>B something 有价值的事, 有意义的事(代词:有价值或重要的人
或物) ? what = all 全部(范围太广) ? 7>A no sooner…than…

? 8>B ? 9>D owe vt.欠(债等) vi.欠钱 ? has = own(vt.拥有adj.自己的)
? 10>A ? little 否定语义的副词 ? uncommonly adv.不平常的, 不平凡的, 罕见地 preciously adv.宝贵的, 贵重

? 11>D ? item n.项目, 条款, 物品 ? object n.物体, 目标, 宾语, 对象 ? trunk n.树干, 躯干, 箱子, 象鼻 ? belongings n.财产, 所有物 = possession n.(私人)财产(常用复数)
? 12>A ? be about to do… = be on the point of… 即将、即可做某事 ? be concerned with 对…关心, 与...有关, 牵涉到, 参与 ? think of v.考虑, 关心, 想起

友情链接: 工作计划 总结汇报 团党工作范文 工作范文 表格模版 生活休闲