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新概念英语第二册:Lesson86 课文注释


新概念英语第二册:Lesson86 课文注释 【一】 Out of control,(标题)失控。 介词短语 out of 能够表示“失去”、“欠缺”等: We are out of bread. 我们的面包吃完了。 Tony walked so fast that he was soon out of sight. 托尼走得很快,不久就无影无踪了。 He has been out of work for two months. 他失业两个月了。 The plane got out of control and crashed in the mountains. 飞机失控后在山区坠毁。 【二】 …the steering wheel came away in his hands.……方向盘脱 手了。 come away 表示“脱落”、“脱离”、“脱开”等: When I tried to lift the suitcase, the handle came away. 当我试图提起手提箱时,把手掉了下来。 【三】 Both men had hardly had time to realize what was happening when they were thrown violently into the sea.他们两 个还没来得及意识到究竟发生了什么事情,就被猛地抛入了海里。 hardly…when…表示“几乎未来得及……就……”,hardly 用于 主句中,并且主句通常用过去完成时。(cf.第 38 课语法) 【四】 they swam on as quickly as they could, 他们以最快的速度向 前游去。 on 在这里是副词,表示“向前”: Walk on along this road for ten minutes and youll see the railway station. 沿着这条路向前走 10 分钟你就会看见火车站。 I think he saw me, but he just marched on. 我觉得他看见了我,但他却径直往前走了。 【五】 They had just had enough time to swim out of danger when the boat again completed a circle. 他们刚刚来得及游出危险区, 快艇就又转究了一圈。 just 是个能够和各种完成时连用的时间副词,它与 when 连用时常 用于过去完成时: Jim had just left when you rang. 你打电话时吉姆刚走。 The patient had just died when the doctor arrived. 医生来时病人刚死。 【六】 The petrol had nearly all been used up. 汽油几乎已经用光。 use up 表了“用完”、“用光”、“耗尽”: They have just bought a house and a car. They must have used up all their money. 他们刚买了一所房子和一辆车。他们的钱肯定都用光了。 up 表示“彻底地”、“完全地”,它也能够与其他一些动词连用: The child soon ate up the cake. 孩子很快把蛋糕吃完了。 She burned up all his letters. 她把他的信都烧掉了。 Can you read up the book in two hours? 你用两小时就能把这书读完吗? 【七】 Before long, the noise dropped completely… 没过多久,噪音便彻底消失…… drop 在这里为不及物动词,表示“减少”、“变弱”或“消失”: When he saw that Mary was annoyed, his voice dropped. 他发现玛丽生气时,便降低了嗓门。 We had to stay at home before the wind had dropped. 风力减弱以前,我们不得不呆在家里。


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